The value of encouraging communities in poorer countries to take a leading hand in improving the welfare of their own working horses has proven its worth in a study centred on India.
Half of the communities joined a 2-year participatory intervention program and the other half were treated as the control group, with no such program.
The program involved the training of respected local community members to run voluntary meetings that participating horse owners were encouraged to attend.
These trained facilitators, who were selected by their own communities together with project staff, were trained over three sessions to run exercises and stimulate discussion during the meetings, which were held every one or two months.
The exercises explored equine husbandry needs, such as feeding and working practices, and identified actions that horse owners could take to meet their animals’ needs and reduce the risks for lameness and limb problems.
The British and Indian researchers, whose study was funded by The Brooke, the British-based charity that helps working animals around the world, wanted to see whether the horses owned by those in the program were better off after two years than those in the control group.
Helen Whay and her colleagues said working horses supported families in impoverished communities. However, lameness and limb abnormalities were highly prevalent in these animals and were a cause for welfare concern.
In all, 439 owners of 862 horses took part in the study.
The horses were given lameness examinations, based on 41 parameters, at the start of the study, after 1 year, and after 2 years. Results between the groups were then compared.
The horses whose owners were in the program showed significantly greater improvement than the control horses across 20 lameness parameters, most notably in their overall lameness score, measures of sole pain and the range of movement on limb flexion.
Control horses showed slight but significantly greater improvements in four parameters, including frog quality in fore and hindlimbs.
The researchers concluded that the program succeeded in improving lameness and some limb abnormalities in working horses, by encouraging changes in management and work practices which were feasibly within their owners’ socioeconomic and environmental constraints.
“Demonstration of the potentially sustainable improvements achieved here should encourage further development of participatory intervention approaches to benefit humans and animals in other contexts,” they wrote.
Reix CE, Dikshit AK, Hockenhull J, Parker RMA, Banerjee A, et al. (2015) A Two-Year Participatory Intervention Project with Owners to Reduce Lameness and Limb Abnormalities in Working Horses in Jaipur, India. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0124342. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124342.