CLEANING THE CRACK. Before attempting to patch a hoof crack, the crack needs to be debrided of loose hoof and any debris must be cleaned from the crack.
Horses that have unbalanced hooves, coronary band damage or interference injuries are all susceptible to hoof cracks. Damage to the laminae from abscess tracts will predispose a hoof to crack. Hooves that are not trimmed or shod regularly can crack from the added stress of long hooves. In an adult horse, limb deformities or shoeing to attempt to change a limb deformity aggressively can crack hooves.
Treatment of a hoof crack depends on the amount of damage to the coronary corium and the maintenance of causative factors. Hoof cracks need to be debrided of loose hoof and debris must be cleaned from the crack. A bar shoe with clips on either side of the crack will help to stabilize the area. When the crack is dried and infection or drainage has been managed, the area can be strengthened with a patch.
Adhesives combined with polypropylene fibers are used to repair the area. After the shoe is in place, the clean, dry crack is filled with adhesive and covered with fiber saturated with adhesive. The patching of toe cracks is best done while the hoof is non-weight bearing. The curing of the adhesive while the hoof is non-weight bearing will minimize the chances of failure due to movement within the crack.
Treatment plate shoes are used in…