Advertise Follow Us
The choices farriers make when trimming and shoeing to achieve a certain result are going to have an impact on the entire equine limb and, at times, may result in unintended consequences. Understanding the anatomy of the equine limb beyond the hoof can help reduce the chances of a farrier’s action having an adverse reaction elsewhere. It can also improve the quality of communication among equine colleagues.
Cody Gregory, an instructor at Heartland Horseshoeing School in Lamar, Mo., offered a primer on equine anatomy as part of the GE Forge and Tool Goodwill Clinic at the grand opening of Ocala’s Farrier Supply. Gregory discussed bones, front and hind limb anatomy, joints and tendons.
A horse has five main types of bone structures: flat, sesamoid, long, short and irregular. Each type of bone serves different purposes, Gregory says. Flat bones, like ribs or the skull, protect vital organs. Sesamoids are small bones that allow the horse to change the direction of pull.