While laminar inflammation may lead to laminitis concerns, any disturbance in the horse’s laminar blood flow compounds the situation, maintains Jim Belknap. Horses exposed to a known laminitis trigger, such as an overload of grain, should have measures taken immediately to reduce the inflammatory effects on the laminae, says the Ohio State University equine veterinarian.
Belknap prefers to administer high doses of anti-inflammatories as soon as possible. Once the horse begins to show digital signs of laminitis, it’s normally too late to do anything but manage the resulting damage. “Many of these changes occur early on,” he says. “Once we see clinical signs of lameness in many of these horses, the laminitic bomb has already gone off.”
An analysis from 22 scientific studies of 1,700 adults suffering from chronic low back pain demonstrates that psychological treatments were more effective than standard treatments, says Robert Kerns. Use of behavior techniques, hypnosis, biofeedback and counseling proved more effective than surgery, narcotic drugs or implantable drug delivery systems, says the Yale University psychologist.
The theory is that psychological treatments for chronic lower back problems reduce the experience of pain. If you suffer from back pain, Kerns recommends asking your doctor about all possible treatment options.
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